Robert Stephan Schwabe (1841 – 1908)

Robert Stephan Schwabe was born on 5 August 1841 the son of Stephan Samuel and Eliza (Sykes) Schwabe in Manchester. He was baptised at Manchester his baptism record is shown below:Robert Stephen Schwabe Baptism

He married Miyadera Kini (5 June 1849 – 13 December 1925) on 20 November 1896 at the Christ Church, Yokohama. Their marriage record is below:Robert Stephen Schwabe Marriage 20 Nov 1896

Kini Miyadera was born on 5 June 1849. in Japan.

Robert and Kini (Miyadera) Schwabe had three daughters, all born in Yokohama, and all before the above marriage. Perhaps there may have been a civil marriage before the above Church of England one:

  1. Minnie Agnes was born on 16 April 1877. She died, unmarried, on 14 July 1918 at Yokohama, Japan;
  2. Nellie Edith was born on 27 November 1878.  She died, unmarried, in 1968 aged 89 at Hove, Sussex;
  3. Clara Ethel Miyadera was born on 18 November 1889 and died on 31 August 1933.

For more details on the three daughters see below.

Robert died on 8 January 1908 at Yokohama and was buried at the Foreigners’ Cemetery. Kini Miyadera died on 13 December 1925 and was buried beside Robert.

According to family tradition the Schwabe house was furnished in two distinct styles; some rooms were entirely Western and others entirely Eastern but the two never mixed.

The following is based on the web site Meiji Portraits:

Robert first came to the Far East in 1859 to represent G. C. Schwabe’s interests in the firm Bower, Hanbury & Co. in Shanghai. He then left China for  Japan in 1868 where he was employed by J. Davison & Co.,  as a Public Silk Inspector and Commission Merchant, Yokohama # 28a. In the following year he became partner with N. P. Kingdon forming the Insurance Agency Kingdon, Schwabe & Co., Yokohama # 89.  In 1884 the firm moved to # 193. He stayed with this company until 1892; after he left he became a “silent” partner. The name still existed unchanged until the death of N. P. Kingdon in 1903, when the company was wound up.Kingdon and Schwabe

In 1892 Robert joined the firm Jardine, Matheson & Co., Trade and Insurance Agency, Yokohama # 1, additionally he acted as an auditor at the Japan Brewery Co. from 1888-1898 and was a member of the board of Directors of the Yokohama Printing and Publishing Co.

In 1901 he retired and he and his wife lived at Yokohama # 5 Nakamura until his death in 1908.

As noted, Robert initially represented Gustav Schwabe’s interests in the Far East. Robert’s death was reported by The Japan Daily Mail, Volume 49, 11 January 1908:

We regret to announce the death at the General Hospital on Jan. 8th of Mr. R. S. Schwabe, a very old resident of Yokohama. Mr. Schwabe, who was in his 67th year, has had a very long connection with the Far East.  He came out to Shanghai in 1859 and joined the firm of Bower, Hanbury & Co., [the successor to G. C. Schwabe & Co.] and after his arrival, the China war breaking, out he volunteered and was attached to the regular forces with whom he saw active fighting at the siege of Kading. One of the first to scale the walls of the city, he was selected to carry despatches from General Stabelley to the British Commander-in-Chief, Sir James Hope Grant. In 1868 he came to Japan, entering into partnership with the late Mr. N. I. Kingdon, of Yokohama, but after a long association this connection was severed and he joined the firm of Jardine, Matheson & Co.

Schwabe advertisement in the Japan Weekly Mail, 17 September 1870

Schwabe advertisement in the Japan Weekly Mail, 17 September 1870

Early in 1901 he went home on leave, but on his way back to Japan his health broke down, and he was obliged to discontinue his journey at Malta and return to London. Robert Stephen Schwabe PassengerThree years later he came back to Japan, but his health gradually declined, and for several years he has been an invalid, suffering from heart trouble and other complications from which, after a painful illness borne with great fortitude, he-has now passed away.

The deceased gentleman leaves a widow and three daughters, two of whom are now in London. Miss Minnie Schwabe who, sadly enough, is so ill that she could not see her dying parent, is well known in Japan as an artist of very high gifts. To Mr. Schwabe’s family the deepest sympathy will be extended. Mr. Schwabe  will be remembered and lamented by a very large circle or friends.

The Three Daughters

1. Minnie Agnes. After her basic education she came back to Japan in 1902 and started work in 1903 with Sale & Frazar, Trade and Insurance Agents, Yokohama # 167.

She was not married and lived with her parents.  She died in 1918 and was buried beside her parents in the Yokohama Foreigners’ Cemetery. (See Meiji Portraits)

She contributed drawings to a book called: Japanese types: Sketched with brush and pen by Emily S Patton and illustrated by Minnie A Schwabe circa 1930 about 63 pages. (Consists of a series of 30 pictures by Minnie A. Schwabe with descriptive text by Emily S. Patton)

Japanese Types1 Japanese Types2
Japanese Types 4 Japanese Types 3

The following is from The North-China Herald and Supreme Court & Consular Gazette, Volume 79, 6 April 1906:
Miss Schwabe of Yokohama, and Mrs. Patton of Shanghai, have just been made the joint recipients of the following letter from the Japan Society, London, 20, Hanover Square. 9th February, 1906.
Dear Mesdames,—I hasten to thank yon with great pleasure, at the request of the Council of the Japan Society, for your very kind gift to the Library of this Society of your most interesting and beautiful book “Japanese Types which I have placed on the table in the Society’s Library, and which I need not say has been very much admired and praised by members and others who have visited the Library. Believe me very truly yours,
Albert E. Bricb,
Secretary.
Since the publication of her sketches in the above-mentioned book, Miss Schwabe was selected for her artistic ability, to design and illuminate the addresses from the representatives of the British Navy League in Yokohama, to Admiral Togo, and from the foreign community of Yokohama to Prince Arthur of Connaught.

2. Nellie Edith Miadera.  Although born in Japan she was baptised in Manchester over twenty years later on 16 November 1902:Nellie Edith Schwabe BaptismNellie trained as a nurse and appeared on the 1901 census listed among the staff of The London Hospital, Whitechapel:

Nellie Schwabe on the 1901 Census

Nellie Schwabe on the 1901 Census

In 1914 she is listed among passengers aboard the Kitano Maru heading out from London to Japan.

Nellie Schwabe listed among passengers aboard the Kitaro Maru

Nellie Schwabe listed among passengers aboard the Kitaro Maru

She lived a long life dying in 1968 aged 89 at Hove, Sussex. A search for her probate record has so far not been successful.

In the possession of the family is a letter written by Nellie Schwabe to Randolph Schwabe, dated 11 January 1946:

Gustave [Schwabe], after vain attempts to get 10 Herbert Crescent repaired, has sold it and gone back to Malvern and hopes to get a flat or small house later on.  It’s very hard on the poor old things when they have lived a set life in one spot for so many years, – Paper Mill House, Standon, Herts.

Family lore has it that  Nellie assisted the artist Edward Le Bas in running his household. Her sister Clara made Edward the executor of her will (see Clara’s probate record below).

Edward le Bas by Duncan Grant

Edward le Bas by Duncan Grant (C) Charleston Trust

3. Clara Ethel Miyadera was born in 1889 in Japan but baptised much later on 18 January 1901 in Manchester (see second entry below):Clara Ethel Schwabe Baptism

Clara appears on the 1911 census with her aunt Adeleheid Schwabe.

On 23 May 1917 she married the artists Francis Sydney Unwin at St Saviours, Hampstead.

Clara Eyhel Schwabe Marriage

Francis Unwin died on 26 November 1925. A short biography with some of his drawings was published in 1928 and can be read HERE. His probate record is below:Francis Sydney Unwin Probate

Clara died, on 31 August 1933 at The London Hospital, Whitechapel, London where her sister Nellie was a nurse. Her probate record is below:

Clara Ethel Miyadera Schwabe unwin Probate

What is interesting about the above record is that the artist Edward le Bas was the executor. Clara (along with her sister Nellie) was a close friend of Edward’s and supported his career as an artist.

NOTE ON FRANCIS SYDNEY UNWIN.

Born 11 February 1885 at Stalbridge, Dorset. Francis and his family appears on the 1891 census, residing at The Rectory where his father is the vicar, see last entry below:

The Unwin family on the 1891 census

The Unwin family on the 1891 census

He studied at Winchester School of Art and at the Slade School 1902–5. Travelled in Holland, France and Italy. Spent the winter of 1908 in Egypt drawing the interior of tombs for an archaeological expedition. This was published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art under the title The Tomb of Nakht at Thebes. Settled in London 1909; member of the N.E.A.C. 1913; held first exhibition with Randolph Schwabe at the Carfax Gallery 1915. Published The Decorative Arts in the Service of the Church 1912. Began suffering from consumption in 1916. Visited Switzerland for his health in 1920 and 1921.

A highly temperamental individual, F. S. Unwin would occasionally destroy large sections of his work (acts which were described by Schwabe as ‘occasional holocausts’) ; as a consequence, much of his work is now scarce. His moods were much affected by his persistent ill health  – ultimately, his career was cut short by his death on 26 November 1925 at the age of 40 from consumption. He died at Mundesley-on-Sea, Norfolk.  A memorial exhibition was held at the St George’s Gallery in 1926.

The Times 24 December 1925

The Times 24 December 1925

An Unwin print

An Unwin print

A further mention of Unwin in The Times:

The Sunday Times 31 January 1926

The Sunday Times 31 January 1926

An Unwin print

An Unwin print

Unwin Mention The Times 29 December 1933

Unwin Mention The Times 29 December 1933

Hampstead Heath by F. S. Unwin

Hampstead Heath by F. S. Unwin

Francis Unwin Letter

Francis Sydney Unwin Gallery AdBelow, some contemporary notices:

The Connoisseur, Vol. 55 1919

The Connoisseur, Vol. 55 1919

Art Gazetteer 1919

Art Gazetteer 1919

The Studio International, Vol. 62, 1914

The Studio International, Vol. 62, 1914

Unwin and Schwabe at Gallery

Below, four examples of Unwin’s watercolour drawings found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s publication: The Tomb of Nakht at Thebes

No. 1. The vintners picking the grapes and pressing out the wine: The fowlers netting birds, plucking and drying them, and packing them in jars.Francis Unwin Egyptian Tomb Drawings Plate XXVI

No. 2 Nakht and his wife seated in a booth while servants bring to them the fruits of the labours of the Vintners, fowlers and fishermen.

Francis Unwin Egyptian Tomb Drawings Plate XXV

No. 3 Nakht and his family hunting birds and spearing fish in the marshlandsFrancis Unwin Egyptian Tomb Drawing Plate XXIV

No. 4: The Nut goddess and a pile of viands and flowers beneath the stela on the south wall of the tomb.Francis Unwin Egyptian Tomb Drawings Plate X